(March 19, 1844, Tampere - May 12, 1897, Kuopio)
born Ulrika Wilhelmina Johnsson
a Finnish writer and social activist.
Canth began to write while managing her family draper's shop and living as a widow raising seven children. Her work addresses issues of women's rights, particularly in the context of a prevailing culture she considered antithetical to permitting expression and realization of women's aspirations. In her time, she became a controversial figure, due to the asynchrony between her ideas and those of her time, and in part due to her strong advocacy for her point of view.
Minna Canth is the first woman to receive her own flag day in Finland, starting on March 19, 2007.
Minna Canth's most important work is the play Työmiehen vaimo (The Worker's Wife) from 1885.
In the play, the main character Johanna is married to Risto, an alcoholic who wastes all his wife's money. Johanna cannot prevent him - her money is legally his, not hers.
The play's premiere caused scandal, but a few months later, parliament enacted a new law about separation of property.