• Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France;
• Area: 505,370 km2;
• Border countries: Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco;
• Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast;
• Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees Mountains in north;
• Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m; highest point: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m;
• Population: 46,754,784;
• Nationality: Spaniard(s);
• Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types;
• Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%;
• Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2% (official regionally);
• Government type: parliamentary monarchy;
• Capital: Madrid;
• Administrative divisions: 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities;
• National holiday: National Day, 12 October (1492); year when Columbus first set foot in the Americas;
• National anthem: "Himno Nacional Espanol";
• Currency: Euro (€) (EUR);
• Time zone: UTC+1; Summer UTC+2.

Top 10 Tourist Attractions:

1. Alhambra;
2. Mezquita of Cordoba;
3. El Escorial;
4. Sagrada Familia (Barcelona);
5. Ibiza;
6. Cuenca (between Madrid and Valencia);
7. Aqueduct of Segovia;
8. La Concha;
9. Running of the Bulls (Pamplona); 
10. Palacio Real (Madrid).

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