Aelia Paetina or Paetina was the second wife of the Roman Emperor Claudius. Her biological father was consul of 4, Sextus Aelius Catus while her mother is unknown.

She was born into the family of the Aelii Tuberones, and thus apparently descended from the consul of 11 BC. Her father may have died when she was very young, as she was raised by her relative Praetorian Guard Prefect Lucius Seius Strabo, the biological father of her adoptive brother Lucius Aelius Sejanus, commander of the Praetorian Guard under the Emperor Tiberius.

Aelia Paetina married the future Roman Emperor Claudius in 28 as his second wife. Their only child was their daughter Claudia Antonia, born in 30. Claudius divorced Paetina after October 31, when her adoptive brother fell from power and was murdered. According to Suetonius, Claudius divorced Paetina for slight offenses.

In 48, after the execution of Roman Empress and Claudius’ third wife Valeria Messalina, Claudius considered remarrying for the fourth time. Claudius’ freedman Tiberius Claudius Narcissus supported a remarriage to Paetina. He suggested to Claudius to remarry her and reminded him they had a child together. Narcissus also stated that Paetina would cherish Antonia in addition to Claudia Octavia and Britannicus. Claudia Octavia and Britannicus were Claudius’ children with Messalina.

But another freedman, Gaius Julius Callistus, was against Claudius remarrying Paetina and stated to Claudius that he divorced her before; Callistus said that remarrying Paetina would make her more arrogant. Callistus suggested Lollia Paulina, Caligula's third wife.

The third freedman, Marcus Antonius Pallas, recommended Claudius' niece and Caligula's sister Agrippina the Younger, who also had a child from a previous marriage, in this case, the future Emperor Nero. Agrippina was chosen, with dire implications for Antonia, Octavia, and Britannicus. Paetina's daughter Antonia was executed in AD 65 or AD 66, shortly after the death of Nero's second wife Poppaea Sabina.
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