Countess Rostopchina Evdokia Petrovna, nee Sushkova (23 December 1811 (4 January 1812), Moscow - 3 (15) in December 1858 , Moscow ) - Russian poet, translator, playwright, and novelist.
Daughter of State Councilor Peter Vasilyevich Sushkova (1783) and Daria Ivanovna Pashkova (1790 - 1817).
Having lost her mother at the age of six years old, Evdokia Sushkova, along with her two younger brothers grew up in Moscow to a wealthy family of her grandfather, father, mother, Ivan Alexandrovich Pashkov. The girl read a lot and studied German, French, Italian and English languages.
In 1831 the P. Viazemskii, a friend of the house, published in the anthology "Northern Flowers " was her first poem, The Talisman "with the signature of a D-. Twenty-two years to get rid of the yoke of the home, Evdokia decided to accept the offer of a young and wealthy Count Andrei Fedorovich Rostopchina, son of the former chief of Moscow. The wedding took place in May 1833, and the young couple have begun to live in a fun and open life in her home in the Lubyanka, taking all of Moscow. By her own admission, Rostopchina was, however, very unhappy with a rude and cynical husband and began looking for entertainment in the world, was surrounded by a crowd of admirers. Broken social life, interrupted by frequent and long travels in Russia and abroad, did not prevent Rostopchina enthusiastically indulge in literary pursuits.
In 1836, the the family moved to St. Petersburg and was well received in the higher intellectual society of the capital. Rostopchina start signing their publication P-well, and then his full name. In the work it was supported by poets such as Lermontov, Pushkin, Zhukovsky. She dedicated her poem Ogarev, May and Tyutchev. The guests visited her literary salon Zhukovsky, Vyazemskij, Gogol, Myatlev, Pletnev, V. Odoevsky and others.
Most of her lyrics were poems about unrequited love. In 1839, the published the book "Sketches of the great world", which was ignored, and the readers and critics. Although Rostopchina also wrote the story and comedy, her prose did not enjoy much success.
Countess Rostopchina was known as much for her beauty as well as the mind and poetic talent. Small, delicately built, she was wrong, but expressive and had beautiful facial features. Large, dark and extremely short-sighted of her eyes "were on fire." Her speech, passionate and exciting, flowed quickly and smoothly. In the light, she was the subject of much gossip and slander to which the social life it is often served occasion. At the same time, being of great kindness, she has helped many poor and everything received from their writings, gave the prince Odoyevskiy for the charity he founded.
During a trip abroad in 1845, the poet wrote the ballad "forcibly married," which condemned the allegorical relationship Russia to Poland. Back in 1847 from a trip abroad, completely ruined by her husband, the Countess Rostopchina settled in Moscow ( Nicholas I forbade the poet to appear in the capital) in the house of his mother-in E. P. Rostopchina, ardent Catholic. Her last years for Evdokia in dire home environment and constant dull fight-in-law, and mercilessly condemning her secular culture and Orthodox upbringing given by her children.
Rostopchina continued to write poems, plays, translations, but the interest in her work has subsided. In the last years of his life the poet made a mockery of various literary movements in Russia, as a result of being in isolation. In 1852 published the novel "A happy woman." In 1857 Ogarev wrote Rostopchina poem.
Almost forgotten by the public, after two years of illness, the Countess Rostopchina died 3 December 1858 year. Was buried in the old cemetery Pyatnitskoye in Moscow . Privy Councillor P. Durnovos wrote in his diary:
"Countess Rostopchina, young, died in Moscow of stomach cancer: She has become famous for his poetic works and frivolous life."
Dodo Rostopchina - the character of the novel by Mikhail Kazovsky "Lermontov and his female: Ukrainian, Circassian, Swede ...".
From the marriage with Andrei Fedorovich Rostopchina and Evdokia Petrovna had two daughters and a son:
Olga A. (05.09.1837 - ?), was married to Joseph Tornielli-Bruzatti, an Italian diplomat and ambassador to Romania.
Lidiya (25/10/1838 - 1915), author, lived in Paris, was not married.
Viktor Andreyevich (12/12/1839 - 08/09/1879), Count, Colonel. He was married to Mary Fosdick Reitlinger, had two sons, Boris (b. 1874) and Victor (r.1878).
Many sources argue that from an extramarital affair with Karamzin Kolmogorov she had two daughters. They wore the name of St. Andrew and educated in Switzerland. One of them:
Olga A. Andrew (Golohvastov) (1840-1897), writer and playwright, author of several plays of a psychological nature, two of which were placed on the stage Alexandrinka. In 1863, she married writer Paul Golohvastov Dmitrievich (1838-1892).