Royalty of Antiquity & the Ancient World

Pre-Roman Empire Monarchies and client states that were around the time of the Western Roman Empire.
 

600ad - 2600bc
  • Azarmidokht
    "daughter of the King Khosrau II of Persia. sister of Borandukht the Great." — @sh0shan
  • Borandukht the Great
    "daughter of the King Khosrau II of Persia. She was one of only two women on the throne of the Sassanid dynasty." — @sh0shan
  • Shirin
    "wife of the Sassanid Persian Shahanshah (king of kings), Khosrau II." — @sh0shan
  • Zruanduxt
    "daughter of the Sassanid King Ardashir II. married King Khosrov IV of Armenia." — @sh0shan
  • Mavia, Queen of the Tanukh
    "wife of al-Hawari." — @sh0shan
  • Queen Ashkhen
    "daughter of the King of the Alans, Ashkatar. married King Tiridates III of Armenia." — @sh0shan
  • Julia (daughter of Tigranes VI of Armenia)
    "daughter of the Herodian Prince, later King Tigranes VI of Armenia & Opgalli. married Roman Senator Marcus Plancius Varus." — @sh0shan
  • Julia Aurelia Zenobia
    "2nd set
    daughter of Julius Aurelius Zenobius. married married Septimius Odaenathus. 3rd century Syrian queen of the Palmyrene Empire." — @sh0shan
  • Julia Aurelia Zenobia
    "daughter of Julius Aurelius Zenobius. married married Septimius Odaenathus. 3rd century Syrian queen of the Palmyrene Empire." — @sh0shan
  • Drusilla (daughter of Herod Agrippa I)
    "daughter of Herod Agrippa I. married Gaius Julius Azizus, King of Emesa, then Antonius Felix, the procurator of Judaea." — @sh0shan
  • Berenice (daughter of Herod Agrippa)
    "daughter of Herod Agrippa I. married Marcus Julius Alexander; Herod of Chalcis; Polemon II of Pontus, King of Cilicia. partner to Emperor Titus." — @sh0shan
  • Drusilla of Mauretania the Younger
    "daughter of Ptolemy of Mauretania & Julia Urania. married Marcus Antonius Felix, & then the Emesene Priest King, Sohaemus" — @sh0shan
  • Salome
    "daughter of Herodias & Herod II. married Philip the Tetrarch, then Aristobulus of Chalcis." — @sh0shan
  • Herodias
    "daughter of Aristobulus IV & Berenice. married Herod II, then Herod Antipas." — @sh0shan
  • Helena of Adiabene
    "wife of Monobaz I. mother of Izates II & Monobaz II." — @sh0shan
  • Antonia Tryphaena
    "daughter of Roman Client Rulers Polemon Pythodoros & Pythodorida of Pontus. married Thracian Prince Cotys VIII." — @sh0shan
  • Musa of Parthia
    "concubine given to King Phraates IV of Parthia. mother & possible wife of Phraates V." — @sh0shan
  • Gepaepyris
    "daughter of Roman Client Rulers of Thrace, Cotys VIII & Antonia Tryphaena. married Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom, Tiberius Julius Aspurgus." — @sh0shan
  • Pythodorida of Pontus
    "daughter of Antonia (daughter of Mark Antony) & Pythodoros of Tralles. married King Polemon I of Pontus, King Archelaus of Cappadocia." — @sh0shan
  • Glaphyra
    "daughter of Archelaus of Cappadocia. married Alexander, son of Herod, then Juba II of Mauretania, then Herod Archelaus." — @sh0shan
  • Mariamne
    "daughter of the Hasmonean Alexandros. 2nd wife of Herod the Great." — @sh0shan
  • Erato of Armenia
    "daughter of Armenian King Tigranes III & half-sister/wife of King Tigranes IV." — @sh0shan
  • Salome I
    "daughter of Antipater the Idumaean & Cypros. married Costobarus, governor of Idumea." — @sh0shan
  • Hypsicratea
    "6th and the most famous wife of King Mithridates VI of Pontus." — @sh0shan
  • Anzaze
    "queen of the Elymais together with king Kamnaskires III." — @sh0shan
  • Agathokleia Theotropos
    "widow of Menander I or Nicias or Theophilus. regent for her son, Strato I." — @sh0shan
  • Cleopatra of Pontus
    "daughters of King Mithridates VI of Pontus & Queen Laodice. married King Tigranes the Great of Armenia." — @sh0shan
  • Laodice of Cappadocia
    "daughter of Laodice VI & Mithridates V Euergetes. married Ariarathes VI Epiphanes Philopator." — @sh0shan
  • Salome Alexandra
    "possible daughter of Setah Bar Yossei Rabbi. married Aristobulus I, then Alexander Jannaeus, she was the last woman ruler of Judaea." — @sh0shan
  • Nysa (wife of Nicomedes III of Bithynia)
    "daughter of Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia & Laodice of Cappadocia. married King Nicomedes III of Bithynia." — @sh0shan
  • Nysa of Cappadocia
    "daughter of King Pharnaces I of Pontus & Queen Nysa. married King Ariarathes V of Cappadocia." — @sh0shan
  • Cornelia Africana
    "daughter of general & consul Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus & Aemilia Paulla. married Tiberius Gracchus the Elder." — @sh0shan
  • Satenik
    "wife of Artaxias I, King of Armenia." — @sh0shan
  • Sophonisba
    "daughter of Hasdrubal Gisco Gisgonis, Carthaginian general. married Syphax, king of Numidian tribe Masaesyli of western Numidia." — @sh0shan
  • Aemilia Tertia (Aemilia Paulla)
    "daughter of general & consul Lucius Aemilius Paullus. married general & consul Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus." — @sh0shan
  • Teuta of Illyria, Queen of the Ardiaei
    "2nd wife of Agron of Ardiaei." — @sh0shan
  • Laodice I
    "daughter of Achaeus. 1st wife of the Seleucid Greek King Antiochus II Theos." — @sh0shan
  • Theoxena of Egypt (Theoxena the Younger)
    "daughter of Agathocles of Syracuse & Theoxena of Syracuse. married to man whose name is lost to history. related to the Ptolemaic dynasty." — @sh0shan
  • Lysandra, Queen of Macedonia
    "daughter of Ptolemy I Soter & Eurydice. married Alexander V of Macedon; Agathocles." — @sh0shan
  • Bircenna
    "daughter of Bardylis II of the Dardanian Kingdom. one of the five wives of Pyrrhus of Epirus." — @sh0shan
  • Theoxena of Syracuse
    "daughter of Philip, a Macedonian nobleman & Berenice I of Egypt. stepdaughter to Ptolemy I Soter. married Agathocles of Syracuse." — @sh0shan
  • Antigone of Epirus
    "daughter of Philip, a Macedonian nobleman & Berenice I of Egypt. stepdaughter to Ptolemy I Soter. married Pyrrhus of Epirus." — @sh0shan
  • Phthia of Epirus
    "daughter of Menon of Pharsalus, the Thessalian hipparch. married Aeacides, king of Epirus." — @sh0shan
  • Stratonice of Syria
    "daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes & Phila, the daughter of Antipater. married Seleucus I Nicator, then her stepson Antiochus I Soter." — @sh0shan
  • Amastris
    "daughter of Oxyathres of Persia. married Dionysius, tyrant of Heraclea Pontica; Lysimachus." — @sh0shan
  • Roxana
    "daughter of Oxyartes of Balkh. wife of Alexander the Great." — @sh0shan
  • Stateira II
    "daughter of Stateira I & Darius III of Persia. married Alexander the Great. she was killed by Roxana, his first wife." — @sh0shan
  • Artakama
    "daughter of Artabazus of Phrygia, Satrap of Daskyleion, Satrap of Bactria. 2nd wife of Ptolemy I Soter." — @sh0shan
  • Drypetis
    "daughter of Stateira I & Darius III of Persia. married Hephaestion (friend & lover of Alexander the Great)" — @sh0shan
  • Cleopatra of Macedon
    "daughter of King Philip of Macedon & Olympias of Epirus. married Alexander I of Epirus. sister of Alexander the Great. 1/2 sister to Thessalonike, Cynane, & 1/2 brother Philip III of Macedon." — @sh0shan
  • Stateira I
    "wife of Darius III of Persia." — @sh0shan
  • Olympias
    "daughter of king Neoptolemus I of Epirus, 4th wife of the king of Macedonia, Philip II & mother of Alexander the Great & Cleopatra of Epirus." — @sh0shan
  • Camma
    "married to the tetrarch Sinatus. not sure of date, I'm assuming 3rd century BCE" — @sh0shan
  • Ada of Caria
    "daughter of Hecatomnus. wife & sister of Idrieus." — @sh0shan
  • Artemisia II of Caria
    "daughter of Hecatomnus. wife & sister of Mausolus." — @sh0shan
  • Sisygambis
    "daughter of king Artaxerxes II Memnon. married Arsames of Ostanes. mother of Darius III of Persia. grandmother to Stateira II." — @sh0shan
  • Parysatis
    "illegitimate daughter of Artaxerxes I & Andia of Babylon. married Darius II." — @sh0shan
  • Aspasia
    "daughter of Axiochus. lover & partner of the statesman Pericles." — @sh0shan
  • Artemisia I of Caria
    "daughter of Lygdamis I. mother of Pisindelis." — @sh0shan
  • Gorgo, Queen of Sparta
    "daughter & the only child of Cleomenes I, King of Sparta (r. 520-490 BC) during the 6th & 5th centuries BC. She was the wife of King Leonidas I, Cleomenes' half-brother, who fought and died in the Battle of Thermopylae." — @sh0shan
  • Esther
    "Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. Possibly Sassanid Empire." — @sh0shan
  • Queen Vashti
    "1st wife of King Ahasuerus. Possibly Sassanid Empire." — @sh0shan
  • Tullia Minor (daughter of Servius Tullius)
    "younger daughter of Rome's sixth king, Servius Tullius. married Aruns Tarquinius, then Lucius Tarquinius." — @sh0shan
  • Mahruyeh Shahbanu
    "daughter of Marduk-shum-ishur married Cambyses II of Persia." — @sh0shan
  • Phaidyme Shahbanu
    "daughter of Otanes. married Cambyses II, Gaumata (False Smerdis) & Darius I." — @sh0shan
  • Amestris
    "daughter of Otanes. wife of Xerxes I of Persia, mother of king Artaxerxes I of Persia. daughter in law to Atossa." — @sh0shan
  • Artystone
    "daughter of king Cyrus the Great. married Darius the Great (Darius I)." — @sh0shan
  • Atossa
    "daughter of Cyrus the Great & Cassandane. married Darius the Great (Darius I). mother of Xeres I of Persia." — @sh0shan
  • Amitis Shahbanu
    "daughter of Astiak (Shāh of Mād, the Median King). wife of Cyrus the Great" — @sh0shan
  • Cassandane
    "daughter of Pharnaspes. wife of Cyrus the Great. mother of Atossa." — @sh0shan
  • Mandane of Media
    "daughter of Astyages & Princess Aryenis of Lydia. married Cambyses I of Anshan & mother of Cyrus the Great." — @sh0shan
  • Queen Tomyris
    "queen who reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranic people of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea" — @sh0shan
  • Tanaquil
    "wife of Tarquinius Priscus, fifth king of Rome." — @sh0shan
  • Jedidah
    "daughter of Adaiah of Boscath. wife of King Amon of Judah." — @sh0shan
  • Samsi
    "queen of Qedar, rebelled against Tiglath-Pileser III, King of Assyria." — @sh0shan
  • Shammuramat, Queen of Assyria
    "wife of King Shamshi-Adad V. mother of King Adad-nirari III, grandmother of King Shalmaneser IV." — @sh0shan
  • Dido (Queen of Carthage)
    "queen regnant of carthage" — @sh0shan
  • Athaliah
    "considered the daughter of King Ahab & Queen Jezebel of Israel. married Jehoram of Judah." — @sh0shan
  • Queen Jezebel
    "daughter of Ethbaal, King of Sidon. wife of Ahab, king of north Israel" — @sh0shan
  • Naamah (wife of Solomon)
    "wife of King Solomon." — @sh0shan
  • Queen of Sheba
    "kingdom near Ethiopia or Yemen." — @sh0shan
  • Tamar (daughter of David)
    "daughter of King David & Maacah." — @sh0shan
  • Michal
    "daughter of King Saul. wife of David, king of the United Kingdom of Israel & Judah." — @sh0shan
  • Queen Bathsheba
    "wife of Uriah the Hittite & later of David, king of the United Kingdom of Israel & Judah." — @sh0shan
  • Abigail
    "a wife of David, king of the United Kingdom of Israel & Judah." — @sh0shan
  • Nitzevet
    "daughter of Adael or Edal. wife of Jesse. mother of King David." — @sh0shan
  • Hecuba, wife of King Priam of Troy
    "daughter of King Dymas of Phrygia or Thracian king Cisseus. married King Priam of Troy." — @sh0shan
  • Clytemnestra
    "daughter of Tyndareus & Leda, the King and Queen of Sparta. married Agamemnon." — @sh0shan
  • Queen Puduhepa
    "daughter of Bentepsharri, high priest of Ishtar. married to King Hattusili III." — @sh0shan
  • Ašmu-nikal
    "daughter of King Tudhaliya I & Queen Nikal-mati. married King Arnuwanda I." — @sh0shan
  • Asenath
    "daughter of Potipherah, priest of On. married Joseph." — @sh0shan
  • Zuleika
    "wife of Potiphar in Jewish & Muslim scripture." — @sh0shan
  • Harapšili
    "daughter of Princess Ḫaštayara & Maratti. married King Hantili I." — @sh0shan
  • Shibtu
    "daughter of Yarim-Lim I, king of Yamhad & Queen Gashera. married King Zimri-Lim." — @sh0shan
  • Enheduanna
    "daughter of King Sargon of Akkad, aunt of Akkadian king Narām-Sîn." — @sh0shan
  • Kubaba
    "the only queen on the Sumerian King List, which states she reigned for 100 years – roughly in the Early Dynastic III period (ca. 2500-2330 BC) of Sumerian history." — @sh0shan
  • Puabi
    "Sumerian queen or priestess." — @sh0shan

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