FACTS ABOUT BRASIL

>Brazil is the largest country in South America.
>The name Brazil comes from a tree named brazilwood.
>It is called Brasil in Portuguese, the official language spoken in Brazil.
>Brazil is the only country in South America that speaks Portuguese.
>Portugal claimed the land of Brazil in the year 1500. Independence was declared in 1822.
>Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world by both land area and population.
>The population in 2012 was around 194 million people.
>The capital city is Brasilia, while the largest city is Sao Paulo.
>Other major cities include Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Fortaleza.
>In Brazil they drive on the right-hand side of the road.
>Brazil has a large coastline on the eastern side of South America, stretching 7491 kilometres (4655 miles) in length.
>Brazil shares a border with all South American countries except for Chile and Ecuador.
>Brazil covers 3 time zones.
>Brazil has one of the largest economies in the world.
>Brazil is one of the 77 founding members of the United Nations.
>The Amazon River flows through Brazil, it is the 2nd longest river in the world (after the Nile).
>Around 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is located in Brazil.
>The climate in the majority of Brazil is tropical.
>Brazil is home to a wide range of animals, including armadillo, tapirs, jaguars and pumas.
>Human activities such as logging, mining fishing and agriculture are important to the Brazilian economy but are also a serious threat to Brazil's diverse environment.
>Millions of tourists visit Brazil every year.
>There are around 2500 airports in Brazil.
>Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Brazil with the national team consistently among the best in the world, winning the World Cup a record 5 times.
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